Friday, April 27, 2018
We have succumbed, in recent years, to technological passivity, the assumption that there's nothing we can (or should) do about what an older generation used to call "progress." But that's not true.
War goes on, yet most of the world's nations came together to ban land mines. Mines, humanity decided, were a horror we could no longer live with because their murderous potential remained long after the front lines moved elsewhere, even after hostilities ceased, and mostly hurt civilians. Similarly, chemical weapons were banned after mustard gas scarred the World War I generation.
Here in the United States, societal consensus supports bans of hollow point bullets that explode inside the body (they're currently banned by the military); high-capacity magazines for guns; bump stocks, which came to our attention after the mass shooting at a country music festival in Las Vegas; and semi-automatic rifles.
Weapons aren't the only tech to which society simply responds, "Just, no." Human cloning has prompted calls for bans by those who believe we shouldn't plow ahead without better understanding the potential downsides. Alcohol and cigarettes are banned for children. Lots of drugs are banned. Banning products is a well-established societal and political prerogative.
Drones should be banned, too -- military drones, as well as recreational ones. We already have a substantial body of evidence that they are dangerous. Potential advantages, on the other side, seem relatively modest. They're cool. I've played with them.
No one has sat down to consider, in a measured way, the pros and cons of unmanned aerial vehicles. Where, as our skies are about to resemble the Wild West, are the congressional hearings and expert opinions?
If you stop to think about it, selling drones to any yahoo with $400 is a recipe for chaos. Launched from the roof of a Manhattan apartment building, a pervert's drone can peep through windows. A terrorist, or merely a doofus, can fly one into the blades of a low-flying helicopter or into the engine or windshield of a plane approaching the airport. It's only a matter of time.
The terrorism potential became evident in 2015 when a guy accidentally flew his Phantom drone onto the White House lawn. Loading one with explosives or a gun is easy. A father and son affixed a pistol to a drone and fired it remotely in the woods of Connecticut.
I'm even less sanguine about corporate and institutional applications. Whether it's Uber and NASA's announcement that they plan to launch flying taxis in Los Angeles or Amazon's imminent fleet of delivery drones, I'm not sure I want to live long enough to hear buzzing drones where birds are supposed to sing or see some dude's dinner passing overhead. Maybe a sane compromise is possible, such as limiting the gadgets to flight paths above major roadways. Why can't we figure that out now, before the inevitable technological growing pains (aka deaths and injuries and overall crapitude)?
Though it's easy to imagine how drones can improve our lives -- they have already found missing hikers in the wilderness, for example -- it is impossible to overstate how creepy it would be to put them into the hands of law enforcement. Then-Attorney General Eric Holder said in 2013 -- and no legal expert challenged him -- that the feds have the right to launch military drone strikes against American citizens on U.S. soil. California cops used one to track a rogue LAPD officer a few years ago. Local law enforcement drones could catch speeders, scan for expired vehicle registration and inspection stickers (stationary devices already do) and use thermal imaging devices to conduct warrantless searches. And there will come a day, not in the distant future, when the same Cleveland police department that shot 12-year-old Tamir Rice to death for the crime of playing while black will type commands into an iPad that controls an armed drone that blows up more innocent civilians.
This is major dystopian horror-show crap. Can't we stop it before it starts?
Overseas -- and thus far from the decreasingly vigilant eyes of our increasingly establishmentarian journalists -- the Trump administration is expanding the military drone assassination program Barack Obama expanded after inheriting it from George W. Bush. Formerly focused on killing young men and whoever happens to be nearby in South Asian zones such as Pakistan, where studies show that 98 percent of the thousands of victims were innocent, the drone killers are ramping up in new places, including Africa.
"The number of American strikes against Islamist militants last year tripled in Yemen and doubled in Somalia from the figure a year before," reports The New York Times. "Last month, an armed drone flown from a second base in Niger killed (an al-Qaida) leader in southern Libya for the first time, signaling a possible expansion of strikes there."
Like the innately disconcerting notion of letting local-yokel cops run wild with facial recognition-enabled autopiloted self-guided missile drones, it is impossible to overstate how self-defeating America's drone program has been to U.S. interests. Unlike here, where the nearly daily attacks barely rate a mention in the news, people in other countries, especially in the Muslim world, are well aware of the fact that the vast majority of victims are innocent civilians, including many women and children. (Even the "guilty" men who die are not threats to the U.S. but rather are threats to the corrupt local governments we supply with arms.) Local populations in cities where drones patrol the skies are jittery and resentful. Many have post-traumatic stress disorder.
True, drones eliminate harm to American troops. But we operate them in macho cultures that prize honor and courage. Our unwillingness to risk our sons and daughters in ground combat makes us look like not just aggressors but cowards worthy only of contempt. In a war for hearts and minds, drones are propaganda suicide.
We've begun a new arms race. When a foreign country or non-state actor attacks us with drones, who will listen when we complain?
Even in the short run, drone killings don't work. "Eliminating jihadi military leaders through drone operations could temporarily disorganize insurgent groups," Jean-Herve Jezequel of the Crisis Group told the Times. "But eventually the void could also lead to the rise of new and younger leaders who are likely to engage into more violent and spectacular operations to assert their leadership."
A drone ban wouldn't have to be forever. But it should last long enough for us to figure out, as Donald Trump used to say on the campaign trail, what the hell is going on.
Ted Rall, an editorial cartoonist and columnist, is the author of "Francis: The People's Pope."
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