Thursday, January 28, 2010
For Democrats, it is officially time to worry. The party's gubernatorial losses in Virginia and New Jersey last fall could be partially explained away as the states' usual off-year swing to the "out" party.
But Republican Scott Brown's come-from-behind victory last week in the special Massachusetts Senate election for Ted Kennedy's Senate seat is something else – a harshly delivered slap in the face from voters in one of the most loyally Democratic states in the country.
In short, what we have right now is not an aberration, but a trend – and a very negative one for the Democrats. The enthusiasm gap that favored Barack Obama and the Democrats in 2008 has shifted to his opponents. The independents that buttressed Democrats in the last two election cycles have moved in large numbers to the other side. And President Obama has been unable to stem the tide, even with the investment of his political capital into each losing campaign.
A look at the numbers shows the sharp reversal of fortune that has taken place in the last year. Obama swept Virginia, New Jersey and Massachusetts in the 2008 presidential balloting by a combined margin of more than 1.5 million votes. Since then, Republicans have won the major statewide races in the three states by an aggregate plurality in excess of 500,000 votes.
When viewed on a state-by-state basis, the recent results appear even more distressing for the president and his party. In Massachusetts, Martha Coakley's 47 percent share of the vote was the lowest for a Democrat in a Bay State Senate race since 1972. In New Jersey, Gov. Jon Corzine's 45 percent showing last November was the second-weakest for a Democratic gubernatorial candidate there since 1969. And in Virginia, Creigh Deeds' tepid 41 percent vote share in 2009 was the second lowest for a Democratic candidate for governor in the Old Dominion since Reconstruction nearly a century and a half ago.
In none of the three elections did Democrats come close to reassembling the broad Obama coalition, even within the parameters of a lower turnout election.
In Massachusetts, for instance, the 2008 presidential election map looked like a sea of blue, with little more than a few clusters of towns voting for Republican John McCain. The map for last week's open Senate election was starkly different. As David Filipov of the Boston Globe wrote, Massachusetts became a microcosm of the country as a whole: "blue on the edges with a big red swath in the middle."
Coakley won not much more than the immediate Boston area and the lightly populated western portion of the state, with its college towns and artistic communities. The bulk of the rest of the state – Boston's outer suburbs, towns from Cape Cod to the center of Massachusetts, and even an old blue-collar mill town or two – bolted to Brown.
The Republican carried Lowell, a once thriving textile center and home to the late Democratic Sen. Paul Tsongas. He won the town of Barnstable, which includes the Kennedys' homestead at Hyannis Port. And Brown swept independent-minded Marlborough, a town about 25 miles west of Boston that was featured in an election-eve article in The New York Times as "the kind of place where many Massachusetts elections are won and lost these days." Obama carried Marlborough in 2008 with 57 percent of the vote. Brown won it last week with an identical 57 percent.
As for the Obama coalition, only the liberal wing held fairly firm for Coakley. While she ran 15 percentage points worse than Obama statewide, Coakley was down only 3 or 4 points in leftish academic centers such as Amherst and Cambridge and the gay-friendly resort town of Provincetown on the tip of Cape Cod.
But the falloff was dramatic in other parts of the Obama constituency. In Boston, the state's major urban center with a population nearly one-half non-white, Coakley ran 10 points below Obama. In Lawrence, which is majority Hispanic, the falloff from 2008 was 15 points. And in other historic industrial centers such as Brockton, Fall River and Lowell, the decline was 15 points or more from Obama's showing barely a year earlier.
Compounding the problem for Coakley was that the turnout was generally low in traditional Democratic strongholds, while much higher in places that voted for Brown. Statewide, the Boston Globe calculated that about 54 percent of registered voters cast ballots in the Jan. 19 Senate election. But turnout was just 47 percent in academic-oriented Amherst, 43 percent in multi-racial Boston, 38 percent in blue-collar Fall River, and a mere 28 percent in Hispanic-majority Lawrence.
At the other end of the turnout scale, the Globe found 27 towns that had turnouts of 70 percent or higher, 20 of which voted for Brown. This came in spite of an eleventh hour trip by Obama to Boston to fire up the Democratic base. His spirited speech served as Coakley's closing argument. But as in Virginia and New Jersey, the president's campaign efforts did not come close to producing a Democratic victory.
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