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Rasmussen Reports Immigration Index

The Rasmussen Reports Immigration Index for June decreased to 90.8, down slightly from 91.1 in May. The Immigration Index has been under the baseline in every survey since Election Day 2020, and reached a record low of 82.3 in late March 2021. The index is now about 14 points below where it was in late October 2020, indicating voters are looking for tighter immigration control from President Joe Biden’s administration.

The Index is based on a series of questions designed to determine whether voters are moving toward an immigration system that encourages more immigration to the United States or one that reduces the level of immigration here. (To see survey question wording, click here.)

All surveys are compared to a baseline – set the week of December 2-6, 2019 – which has been given an Index of 100. An index finding moving up over 100 indicates growing support for a more expansive immigration system. An index number falling below 100 indicates increased support for a more restrictive immigration system.

Crosstabstopline responses and historical data are also available to the public.

The Immigration Index will be updated on the third Friday of each month at noon Eastern.

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Rasmussen Reports Immigration Index

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During his campaign, President Biden pledged to greatly reduce the level of enforcement against illegal immigration, but in the latest survey, 59% of Likely U.S. Voters feel the government is already doing too little to reduce illegal border crossings and visitor overstays. Twelve percent (12%) say the government is doing too much. Twenty-three percent (23%) rate the level of action as about right.

Significantly, 76% of Republicans and 64% of voters not affiliated with either major party say the government is not doing enough to reduce illegal border crossings and visitor overstays, as do 38% of Democrats.

Sixty-nine percent (69%) of all Likely Voters believe the government should mandate employers to use the federal electronic E-Verify system to help ensure that they hire only legal workers for U.S. jobs. Sixteen percent (18%) disagree, with 13% undecided. Voters have consistently championed E-Verify throughout the history of the Immigration Index.

On the question of illegal immigration, is the government doing too much or too little to reduce illegal border crossings and visitor overstays?

Click here for more Immigration Topline Graphs.

Biden has said he will legalize the status of the so-called Dreamers, and a majority of voters (51%) favor giving lifetime work permits to most of the approximately two million illegal residents who came to this country when they were minors. This includes 27% who Strongly Favor it. Forty-three percent (43%) are opposed, with 25% who are Strongly Opposed.

President Biden also has indicated that he wants to legalize all illegal immigrants in the country, and 39% favor giving lifetime work permits to most of the estimated 12 million illegal residents of all ages who currently reside in the United States, with 15% who Strongly Favor it. Fifty-four percent (54%) are opposed, including 36% who are Strongly Opposed.

Legal immigration has averaged around a million annually in recent years, and Biden has vowed to increase that. Eleven percent (11%) of voters want to increase the number of new immigrants over one million. Another 18% are comfortable with one million newcomers each year. Fifty-five percent (55%), however, believe the government should be adding no more than 750,000 new immigrants annually, with 42% who say it should be fewer than 500,000. Sixteen percent (16%) are not sure.

Fifty percent (50%) said it’s better to raise pay and try harder to recruit non-working Americans than to bring in new foreign workers in the construction, manufacturing and service industries. Forty-three percent (43%) said immigration-driven population growth should be reduced to limit the expansion of cities into U.S. wildlife habitats and farmland.

Only 30% favor current U.S. immigration policy which allows legal immigrants to bring in not just their spouse and children but also eventually other adult relatives that can include extended family and their spouses’ families. Fifty-seven percent (57%) are opposed to current policy and think legal immigrants should be able to bring only their spouse and children with them. Thirteen percent (13%) are not sure.

The Census Bureau projects that current immigration policies are responsible for most U.S. population growth and will add 75 million people over the next 40 years. Most voters continue to want to slow that growth as they have in surveying throughout the Index’s history. In terms of the effect on the overall quality of life in the United States, 28% want to continue immigration-driven population growth at the current levels. Forty-five percent (45%) favor slowing down immigration-driven population growth. Eighteen percent (18%) want to have no such population growth at all.

Forty-four percent (44%) of voters in the survey approve of the job Biden is doing as president, including 25% who Strongly Approve. Fifty-four percent (54%) disapprove of Biden’s job performance, including 43% who Strongly Disapprove. In a two-way presidential; election matchup with Biden, former President Donald Trump would get 49% to Biden’s 40%, with seven percent (7%) saying they’d vote for some other candidate and four percent (4%) undecided. Adding Green Party candidate Jill Stein and third-party candidates Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and Cornell West to the matchup, Trump would get 46% to Biden’s 36%, with nine percent (9%) for Kennedy, two percent (2%) for West and one percent (1%) Stein.

The survey of 1,000 Likely U.S. Voters was conducted June 20, 2024 by Rasmussen Reports. The margin of sampling error is +/- 3 percentage points with a 95% level of confidence. Field work for all Rasmussen Reports surveys is conducted by Pulse Opinion Research, LLC. See methodology.

Rasmussen Reports is a media company specializing in the collection, publication and distribution of public opinion information.

We conduct public opinion polls on a variety of topics to inform our audience on events in the news and other topics of interest. To ensure editorial control and independence, we pay for the polls ourselves and generate revenue through the sale of subscriptions, sponsorships, and advertising. Nightly polling on politics, business and lifestyle topics provides the content to update the Rasmussen Reports web site many times each day. If it's in the news, it's in our polls. Additionally, the data drives a daily update newsletter and various media outlets across the country.

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